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Autodesk Product Design Suite Requirements – Design Talk.
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ThinkPad is a line of business-oriented laptop computers and tablets designed, developed and marketed by Lenovo , and formerly IBM. The line was originally sold by IBM until , when a part of the company’s business was acquired by Lenovo.
It has seen significant success in the business market. ThinkPad laptops have been used in outer space and for many years were the only laptops certified for use on the International Space Station. The ThinkPad was developed to compete with Toshiba and Compaq, who had created the first two portable notebooks, with an emphasis on sales to the Harvard Business School.
Thomas J. Watson , Sr. With every minicomputer and mainframe, IBM installed almost all were leased — not sold , a blue plastic sign was placed atop the operator’s console, with the text “Think” printed on an aluminium plate.
In April , IBM announced the first ThinkPad model, the , later renamed the T after the release of three newer models, the , new and C in October This — “pre-Internet” collaboration between Italy and Japan was facilitated by a special Sony digital communications system that transmitted high-res images over telephone lines.
This system was established in several key global Design Centers by Hardy so IBM designers could visually communicate more effectively and interact directly with Sapper for advice on their projects. The ThinkPad tablet became available for purchase by the general public, as the T, in October of the same year. IBM marketed the ThinkPad creatively, through methods such as early customer pilot programs, numerous pre-launch announcements, and an extensive loaner program designed to showcase the product’s strengths and weaknesses, including loaning a machine to archaeologists excavating the ancient Egyptian city of Leontopolis.
The resulting report documented the ThinkPad’s excellent performance under difficult conditions; “The ThinkPad is an impressive machine, rugged enough to be used without special care in the worst conditions Egypt has to offer.
In , technology company Lenovo purchased the IBM personal computer business and the ThinkPad as a flagship brand along with it. We got the ThinkPad brand, IBM’s more advanced PC manufacturing technology and the company’s international resources, such as its global sales channels and operation teams. These three elements have shored up our sales revenue in the past several years.
Although Lenovo acquired the right to use the IBM brand name for five years after its acquisition of IBM’s personal computer business, Lenovo only used it for three years. Today Lenovo manufactures and markets Think-branded products while IBM is mostly responsible for overseeing servicing and repairs for the Think line of products produced by Lenovo.
The majority of ThinkPad computers since the acquisition of the brand by Lenovo have been made in Mexico, Slovakia, India and China. Each device made in this facility is labelled with a red-white-and-blue sticker proclaiming ” Whitsett, North Carolina. In , Lenovo produced a short run of special edition anniversary ThinkPads in Yonezawa, Yamagata , in partnership with NEC,  as part of a larger goal to move manufacturing from away from China and in to Japan.
In , although sales rose 5. The design language of the ThinkPad has remained very similar throughout the entire lifetime of the brand. Almost all models are solid black inside and out, with a boxy, right-angled external case design. Some newer Lenovo models incorporate more curved surfaces in their design. Many ThinkPads have incorporated magnesium, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or titanium into their chassis. The industrial design concept was created in by Italy-based designer Richard Sapper , a corporate design consultant of IBM and, since , Lenovo.
Since , the ThinkPad design has been regularly updated, developed and refined over the years by Sapper   and the respective teams at IBM and later Lenovo. Several unique features have appeared in the ThinkPad line, like drive protection, pointing stick or TPM chips.
While few features remain unique to the series, several laptop technologies originated on ThinkPads: . This software can give additional support for system management backup, encrypting, system drivers installation and upgrade, system monitoring and other. Currently some old features are replaced by internal Windows 10 features. ThinkShutter is the branding of a webcam privacy shutter present in some ThinkPad notebook computers.
It is a simple mechanical sliding cover that allows the user to obstruct the webcam’s view. IdeaPad notebooks carry the TrueBlock branding for their privacy shutters.
Some ThinkPad models have a keyboard membrane and drain holes P series, classic T series and T p models , and some have a solid rubber or plastic membrane like X1 series and current T and X series , without draining holes.
The “roll cage” is a internal frame, designed to minimize motherboard flex current P series and T p series or magnesium composite case all other hi-end models. The display modules lacks a magnesium frames, and some models have a common issue with a cracked plastic lid. Option for some ThinkPad that still uses the 2. The fingerprint reader was introduced as an option by IBM in ThinkPads were one of the first laptops to include this feature.
The Mobile broadband support is a common feature for most of actual ThinkPad models after ; the support of 3×3 MIMO is a common feature for most of hi-end models. The some additional features dock stations, UltraBay, accessories support were listed in Accessories section. External keyboard light, replaced by internal backlight; is an LED light located at the top of the LCD screen which illuminates the keyboard from above. Only T, W and X series ThinkPad’s feature for some models — internal secondary battery as succession of secondary UltraBay battery that support a hot-swapping of primary battery.
The keyboard design was replaced by the Chiclet style keyboard current — The keyboard adopted by Lenovo in over the original IBM keyboard design.
And does not support the ThinkLight to illuminate the keyboard, instead using a keyboard backlight. Some ThinkPad models during the intermission period between the classic IBM design and the Lenovo chiclet design could be outfitted with both the backlit chiclet style keyboard and the ThinkLight. The introduced in line of hi-end displays with wide view angles  and optional high resolution up to 15″ x  or rarely x pixels. Partially dropped in after partial defunct of BOE-Hydis display supplier , and reintroduced as ordinary IPS screen option in Some Lenovo laptops such as the X, W and T block third-party batteries.
Lenovo calls this feature “Battery Safeguard”. It was first introduced on some models in May Laptops with this feature scan for security chips that only ThinkPad-branded batteries contain. The ThinkPad has shipped with Microsoft Windows from its inception until present day. This continued through the Lenovo transition with the T60p, until September ThinkPad hardware continued to be certified for Linux. Following that, Lenovo then began making Ubuntu available as a preinstalled option across nearly thirty different notebook and desktop models,  and Fedora Linux on all of its P series lineup.
On these devices, Chrome OS is the only officially supported operating system where installation of Windows and other operating systems requires putting the device into developer mode. ThinkPads have been used heavily in space programs. NASA purchased more than ThinkPad laptops for flight qualification, software development, and crew training, and astronaut and senator John Glenn used ThinkPad laptops on his spaceflight mission STS in ThinkPad models used on Shuttle missions include: .
The ThinkPad flew aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour during a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope on 2 December , running a NASA test program which checked if radiation in the space environment caused memory anomalies or other unexpected problems. ThinkPads have also been used on space stations. ThinkPads used aboard the space shuttle and International Space Station feature safety and operational improvements for the environment they must operate in.
Modifications include Velcro tape to attach to surfaces, upgrades to the CPU and video card cooling fans to accommodate for microgravity in which warmer air does not rise and lower density of the cabin air, and an adapter for the station’s 28 volt DC power.
ThinkPads have enjoyed cult popularity for many years. Newer models are also still popular among consumers and businesses nowadays as of , though Lenovo has received some backlash in recent years for the apparent declining quality of their ThinkPad line as well as all their other lines in general , many customers being unhappy with the build quality and reliability, or lack thereof, of their devices.
Aftermarket parts have been developed for some models, such as the X60 and X, for which custom motherboards with more modern processors have been created. In January , Lenovo celebrated one hundred million ThinkPads being sold. Laptop Magazine in called the ThinkPad the highest-quality laptop computer keyboard available. The Enderle Group’s Rob Enderle said that the constant thing about ThinkPad is that the “brand stands for quality” and that “they build the best keyboard in the business.
It lasted 8 hours and 21 minutes on a single charge with its 8-cell battery. In the survey, they were ranked second behind eMachines. The ThinkPad Yoga is an Ultrabook-class convertible device that functions as both a laptop and tablet computer. The Yoga gets its name from the consumer-oriented IdeaPad Yoga line of computers with the same form factor. The ThinkPad Yoga has a backlit keyboard that flattens when flipped into tablet mode. This was accomplished on 1st generation X1 Yoga with a platform surrounding the keys that rises until level with the keyboard buttons, a locking mechanism that prevents key presses, and feet that pop out to prevent the keyboard from directly resting on flat surfaces.
On later X1 Yoga generations, the keys themselves retract in the chassis, so the computer rests on fixed small pads. Touchpad is disabled in this configuration. Lenovo implemented this design in response to complaints about its earlier Yoga 13 and 11 models being awkward to use in tablet mode.
A reinforced hinge was required to implement this design. Other than its convertible form factor, the ThinkPad Yoga retains standard ThinkPad features such as a black magnesium-reinforced chassis, island keyboard, a red TrackPoint, and a large touchpad.
The tablet has been described by Gadget Mix as a premium business tablet. Slashgear summarized the ThinkPad Tablet by saying, “The stylus and the styling add up to a distinctive slate that doesn’t merely attempt to ape Apple’s iPad.
In order to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the ThinkPad, Lenovo held a large party in New York where it announced several products, including the Tablet 2. Lenovo says that the ThinkPad Tablet 2 will be available on 28 October when Windows 8 is released. It will be able to run any desktop software compatible with this version of Windows.
The Tablet 2 is based on the Clover Trail version of the Intel Atom processor that has been customized for tablets. The Tablet 2 has a An 8-megapixel rear camera and a 2-megapixel front camera are included along with a noise-canceling microphone in order to facilitate video conferencing. ThinkPad 8 has an 8. Other features include an aluminum chassis, micro-HDMI port, 8-megapixel back camera with flash , and optional 4G connectivity. It runs Windows 8 as an operating system.
Announced in May , Lenovo ThinkPad 10 is a successor to the ThinkPad Tablet 2 and was scheduled to launch in the summer of along with accessories such as a docking station and external detachable magnetic keyboards. It used Windows 8. It was available in 64 and GB variants with 1. The ThinkPad 11e is a “budget” laptop computer for schools and students with an inch screen and without trackpoint.
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